light gazing, ışığa bakmak

Thursday, January 17, 2013

de acordo

com os factores a que eu dou mais importância, os melhores países para eu viver são a Noruega, Suécia, Dinamarca, Finlândia e a Suiça. duh. (esqueceram-se do sol, mas não era uma das opções. também não tinha o pão alentejano mas isso não conta pois se o P. pode fazer pão alentejano numa casa em Estocolomo, também eu o faria)

entretanto, o retrato de Portugal:

How’s Life?

Portugal has made significant progress over the last few years in modernising its economy and improving the living standards of its citizens, however the global financial crisis has surely weakened its growth. Portugal performs only moderately well in overall measures of well-being, as it ranks lower or close to the average in a large number of topics in the Better Life Index.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Portugal, the average person earns 18 689 USD a year, less than the OECD average of 22 387 USD a year. But there is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn six times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, over 66% of people aged 15 to 64 in Portugal have a paid job, in line with the OECD employment average. Some 70% of men are in paid work, compared with 61% of women. People in Portugal work 1714 hours a year, slightly less than most people in the OECD who work 1749 hours. 5% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 9%, with 8% of men working very long hours compared with just 3% for women.

Having a good education is an important requisite for finding a job. In Portugal, 30% of adults aged 25-64 have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, much lower than the OECD average of 74% and the lowest rate amongst OECD countries. This is truer of women than men, as 27% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 32% of women. In terms of the quality of the educational system, the average student scored 490 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). This score is slightly lower than the OECD average of 497. On average in Portugal, girls outperformed boys by 10 points, slightly more than the average OECD gap of 9 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Portugal is almost 80 years, in line with the OECD average. Life expectancy for women is 83 years, compared with 77 for men. The level of atmospheric PM10 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs –is 21 micrograms per cubic meter, close to the OECD average of 22 micrograms per cubic meter. Portugal does well in terms of water quality, as 88% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, slightly more than the average OECD level of 85%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a moderate sense of community and level of civic participation in Portugal, where 86% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, lower than the OECD average of 91%. Voter turnout, a measure of public trust in government and of citizens’ participation in the political process, was 64% during recent elections, lower than the 73% OECD average.

Social and economic status can affect voting rates; voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is 72% and for the bottom 20% it is 63%, broader than the OECD average gap of 7% and suggesting there is room for broader social inclusion in Portugal’s democratic institutions.

In general, 72% of people in Portugal say they have more positive experiences in an average day (feelings of rest, pride in accomplishment, enjoyment, etc) than negative ones (pain, worry, sadness, boredom, etc), in line with the OECD average.


Quinteto said...

Suiça é um país muito bom para se viver sim...Quanto aos outros que mencionaste não posso avaliar, com pena minha. Portugal...Adoro este país, mas que futuro nos espera?...


Ana V. said...

Sim, Isabel, principalmente aos nossos pequenos. Bjs !