Wednesday, November 19, 2014

time



"The squares of the city I filled with the bodies of those I had slaughtered. The city and the homes I pillaged and plundered demolishing them from foundation to roof. The temple towers of brick and mud, the temples and their gods I razed to the ground. Canals I had dug from the Euphrates into the heart of the city itself, that no one might find them ever again."
From a tablet of Assyrian king Sennacherib.
na abertura de Patasana de Ahmet Ümit.

--

Sennacherib, king of Assyria (704-681 BC)

Sennacherib, whose name (Sin-ahhe-criba) means 'the god Sin has replaced the brothers', came to the throne of Assyria in 704 BC. The new king shifted the capital from Dur-Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad) to the ancient city of Nineveh, which he rebuilt in unparalleled splendour. This great palace, which Sennacherib describes in his inscriptions as 'without rival', is known today as the South-West Palace. Many rooms were decorated with alabaster wall reliefs.

Sennacherib was mainly preoccupied with trying to resolve the political situation in Babylonia, a region that had only recently been retaken by his father Sargon II. Sennacherib's main opponent was a local leader called Marduk-apla-iddina II (the biblical Merodach-baladan) who was supported by Elam. From 703-689 BC Sennacherib fought to control south Mesopotamia until finally, after a fifteen-month siege, the city of Babylon was captured and sacked. In 701 BC Sennacherib sacked the city of Lachish in Judah but failed to take the capital Jerusalem. His other campaigns in the southern Levant, Anatolia, and in the Syrian desert against the Arabs, were concerned with frontier security. In 681 BC Sennacherib was assassinated by two of his sons while he prayed in a temple. He was succeeded by another son, Esarhaddon.

daqui.




Nineveh a cidade com o primeiro aqueduto da história.


real spoils of our time: from Bagdad to Chicago, Sennacherib prism.

"Iraq’s museums, with special focus on Baghdad and Mosul, are repositories for countless irreplaceable artifacts that record Iraq’s unique legacy. Iraq Heritage is appalled by the great suffering and loss of life in the current fighting in Iraq and expresses great concern about the safety of Iraq’s invaluable cultural and historical heritage. Our mission is to work to protect the world’s cultural heritage threatened by armed conflict, natural and human-made

The ruins of the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh lie in the northern suburbs of the embattled city of Mosul. To the south of Mosul are the ruins of Hatra, a World Heritage site. These sites are under great threat as we can confirm government control has been lost in these areas.

In 2010, the site was put on a list of endangered cultural heritage sites by the Global Heritage Fund due to looting and insufficient government management. With the falling of Saddam and his regime in 2003 Iraq Suffered looters who carried off thousands of priceless cuneiform tablets, sculptures, bronze tablets, books and other items from both the National Museum in Baghdad and Mosul’s Archaeological Museum.

According to the Global Heritage Fund’s 2010 report, “Saving Our Vanishing Heritage,” the worldwide trade in stolen antiquities is estimated to be in the billions of dollars, but local thieves receive only a small fraction of the stolen artifact’s worth. Most often, the stolen items end up in collections in Europe, North America and Japan. In 2008, Iraqi Security Forces raided a house in Basra and recovered 228 ancient Mesopotamian artifacts that had been plundered from archaeological sites and museums throughout the country. They had been operating on a tip that important Iraqi monuments were going to be smuggled from the country and enter the black market in order to fund insurgent groups. The objects have since been returned safely to the Iraqi National Museum. Despite these small successes, thousands of Iraqi cultural artifacts are still missing. Many of them can be viewed on Interpol’s database of stolen works of art, which tracks art and cultural heritage thefts worldwide.

Iraq Heritage is extremely maddened at the looting that threatens the ruins of our beloved Hatra and many other sites. The actions of looters in Iraq during the war forced the United Nations to include a provision to UN Resolution 1483 (2003) calling on all member states to facilitate the return of Iraqi cultural artifacts that were illegally removed. With the loss of government control in the region by the ISIS insurgents, Iraq’s cultural heritage sites in northern Iraq are officially threatened again."
daqui.


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An airstrike in Iraq's Ninawa province killed 20 "Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant" (ISIL) gunmen (...)



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