episode 1 the ottomans europes muslim emporers doc full arabic subtitles from karim o on Vimeo.
episode 2 the ottomans europes muslim emporers doc full arabic subtitles from karim o on Vimeo.
episode 3 the ottomans europes muslim emporers doc full arabic subtitles from karim o on Vimeo.
to read as well:
Balancing Sharia: the Ottoman Kanun, da bbc.
The reign of Suleiman the Magnificent was a perfect example of this. Religion was gradually brought under state control by the setting up of a hierarchical structure centred in the capital, Istanbul. Any important member of the religious administration had to undergo a centralised process of formation and selection and would depend entirely on the state for any position and promotion.
A new office was also invented to top this structure: that of the sheikhulislam, literally the "leader of Islam". This individual would oversee the whole system and answer to the sultan, much like the grand vizier would do for secular matters.
Ebussuud Efendi - Suleyman's sheikhulislam saw to it that conformity between Kanun and Sharia was maintained, at least on paper. The flexibility of his jurisprudence was such that he managed to find ways of legalising interest-bearing loans, a most reprehensible practice by stricter standards of Sharia.
It is rather telling that Suleiman's nickname in Turkish is not "Magnificent," but Kanuni, the "Lawgiver," for it was under his reign the use and formulation of secular law reached its institutional peak.